German Shepherd Dog Breed Characteristics, Care & Training

German Shepherds are the most popular dog in the whole world. They are smart, active, and loyal. It is highly known as an all-purpose worker. Generally, it is a large, nimble, and muscular dog.

That’s why people love them for their intelligence and ability to fulfill commands. Although they are one of the best herding dogs, they also perform any task like other dogs. 

Breed Overview

German Shepherds are the most reliable dogs that are protractive, hard-working, and also loving at the same time. 

If you can maintain their regular exercise, health, and diet plan, they will be your forever companion for sure.  

GroupHerding 
HeightMale: 22 to 26 in. Female: 23 in.(maximum) 
Weight 60 to 100 pounds 
CoatCoarse, Length: Medium,  Characteristic: Double coat 
Coat ColorBicolor, black and tan, black and cream, black and red, black and silver, solid black, gray, sable, most of the color acceptable in this breed. 
Life Span7-12 (maximum) 
Temperament Intelligent, Courageous, alert, bold, loyal, protractive
Hypoallergenic No
Origin Germany 

Characteristics of the Australian Shepherd

If you want a protractive, and the intelligent dog then the German shepherd is your best choice. They are hard-working and loyal dogs. Apart from that, their attentiveness can keep you safe from unknown thrive. 

Generally, if you train them well, then they can be the best family dog. In addition, it is very easy to train this breed, which is a plus point. 

Affection LevelHigh
Friendliness Medium 
Kid-FriendlyHigh
Pet-FriendlyLow
Exercise NeedsHigh
Playfulness High
Energy LevelMedium 
Trainability High
Intelligence High
Tendency to BarkHigh
Amount of Shedding High

History of the German Shepherd 

Over hundreds of years German Shepherds have been known as human best companions. In Germany, in 1899, this breed was introduced. All credit goes to Captain Max Von Stephanitz. He was the creator of this breed. 

Earlier this dog was known as shepherd dog or Alsatian. Since world war I and two, people were against Germany or even German words. Early twentieth century it was acknowledged as a German Shepherd by the American Kennel Club(AKC) in 1908. 

In the current scenario, this breed position is second according to the AKC list. Many experiments are going on with this breed and among their cross breeds. Some of them caused controversy and some appreciated their work. 

German Shepherd Care

The breed is a high-quality breed among all others.  That’s why it needs minimum care, training, and attention. If you give them your companionship, they will be your best loyal friend forever. 

However, it loves a family environment and you must train them at a young age. That will help them to adjust to others.  

Exercise 

In the beginning we knew that it is the most energetic dog. That’s the reason it needs routine exercise. These will help them to keep fit and healthy. 

The breed loves to run. So you can run with them every day.  A proper exercise can allow one not to feel bored. Otherwise, they can have bad habits such as barking, digging, chewing, and destroying furniture. 

German shepherds like to play in open fields. So make sure there is enough open space there for them to play. Apart from these, don’t let them stay alone all the time. It needs your attention and love. 

Grooming 

For their thick undercoat the breed needs to comb 2 or 3 times a week. If you don’t do it, you may face a few problems. Including you will see dog hair everywhere in your home. That’s why you have to vacuum regularly. 

Generally, German Shepherds don’t need regular baths because of their double-layer coats. That is a plus point as a pet owner. 

Still, you must check them regularly. Otherwise, their nails can cause great damage.  You have to trim the nails and it helps them to walk comfortably. 

Not but least, the breed needs dental care because they have strong powerful jaws. Give them a brush 2 to 3 times a week. All this grooming can save your dog stay neat and clean. 

Training 

German shepherds are always in an active mood. That is the reason you should give them proper training to make them socialize. They are big and powerful.  

So if you can’t provide the training they may behave aggressively.  To prevent this make sure they are having a daily training session. You can include different activities so that they feel fresh. 

Additionally, the breed tends to chase things or animals and they can’t get along with same-sex dogs, or strange dogs. That may be awful sometimes for you and you have to be cautious while you take them outside.  

Other than that, they will stay happy as long as you give them attention and do different exercises.

Common Health Problem 

There is so many breeders. But only genuine and potential breeders maintain the quality of the German Shepherd. It is monitored by AKC, which makes sure that breed standards don’t fall. 

As a responsible breeder, you can check their degenerative myelopathy, elbow, and hip dysplasia. Sometimes they may have bloat problems. That’s why you must know the symptoms of this disease and should be alert whenever you face it. 

Recommended Health Conditions You Have to Check: 

  • Hip dysplasia
  • Elbow dysplasia
  • Elbow hygroma
  • Gastric dilatation-volvulus
  • Degenerative myelopathy 

Diet and Nutrition 

Based on the size, age, and growth you must feed your dog. All these things depend on one another.

In general, a German Shepherd needs two meals a day. 

Always avoid giving a big meal. Otherwise, it can cause a stomach torsion problem. High obesity increases their death. So, check their health and take measurements.

You can also give them cooked food like vegetables, eggs, yogurt, or even dog biscuits.  Make sure they are ok with these. Most importantly make sure everything is clean, fresh, and hygienic. 

Where to Adopt or Buy a German Shepherd 

To get a German Shepherd you can check the following organizations, which make sure that you have an actual breed. 

These are well-reputed dog clubs, that maintain all the guidelines. They will guide you on how to take care of this dog. The AKC also gives a proper place to register and inquire about your breed. Whether they maintain the breed standards or not. 

In general, you may have to pay $1,000 for a puppy, depending on its sex, color, size, and more.

German Shepherd Overview 

Pros
  • Extremely trainable 
  • Loyal
  • Effective guard dog
  • Great companion 
  • Protective 
Cons
  • May not get along with other pets.
  • Without training it can be aggressive. 

More Dogs Breeds and Further Research 

Before purchasing a German shepherd, you should do research and talk with dog owners, breeders, and rescue groups about it.

If you are a first-time owner, we will not encourage you to buy it. Honestly, you must check the pros and cons of similar breeds if you are interested in buying them. To make sure you are taking the best one for you. 

  • Belgian Malinois Dog Breed Profile 
  • Doberman Pinscher Dog Breed Profile 
  • Chinook Dog Bree Profile 

If you search you will find more. But according to our research, these are the most potential dog breeds. 

FAQ 

What is a sable German shepherd? 

Answer: Sable means a specific color coat: black fur with light roots. 

Is the German Shepherd a good pet? 

Answer: German shepherd dogs get along well with children. You must give them proper instruction and training. 

Can German Shepherds be left alone?

Answer: No, you can’t leave them alone for more than 8 hours. They may feel bored and that can increase their problematic behavior. 

Conclusion

Always checks the dogs’ behavior before buying them. If you want a dog as a companion and also who can protect you then a German Shepherd is your desired dog. Their over-friendly nature and careful behavior will give you encouragement to have more of it. 

Read Also:

SHARE